In hair transplant surgery, consultation, front hairline drawing, hair shaving, local anesthesia, graft collection, opening the channels, and planting the hair follicles. Notably, successfully designing the front hairline and creating channels compatible with the grafts are critical in obtaining the natural hair appearance. You can learn detailed information about the stages of the hair transplant operation from the rest of our content.
Planning Hair Transplant Surgery Stage
One of the most critical stages of hair transplant operations is the planning stage. A plan for the process is made based on the data obtained within the scope of the physical examination. The details determined during the planning phase are as follows:
• How many grafts will be taken from the patient for hair transplantation,
• How many hair follicles will be transplanted,
• Where is the most productive area of the hair,
After making decisions regarding these details, whichever region is most resistant to hair loss on the scalp, the nape, or the area close to the back of the ear, that area is selected as the donor area (the area where hair follicles will be taken).
Hair Shaving in Hair Transplantation
After determining the donor area in the hair transplantation planning stage, the transition to hair shaving and hairline designation steps are provided. Before the hair transplant operation, the hair should be shaved to leave 0.3 mm. Hair is shaved for the doctor to carry out the procedure comfortably, to remove the roots in the donor area quickly, and to see better the channels where the grafts will be placed. On the other hand, unshaven hair transplantation can be used for people who do not want to cut their hair if the specialists deem it okay.
Designing the Front Hairline in Hair Transplantation
It provides a natural appearance and a naturally formed hairline after hair transplantation. How the hair will look, especially one year after the hair transplant operation, and the growth of the hair in a natural line depends on the carefully created hairline. While designing the hairline, the specialist considers the patient’s face shape and forehead width. Before the hair transplantation, the hairline is drawn on the patient’s scalp with a marker. A hairline where the grafts will be evenly distributed is drawn, considering the direction of hair growth.
Local Anesthesia in Hair Transplantation
Patients who will have a hair transplant often wonder if they feel pain during the operation. In hair transplantation, first, the scalp is disinfected, and then the nerve endings in the transplantation area are anesthetized. Thanks to local anesthesia, patients do not feel any pain during the operation. Only a slight burning pain is felt instantly during anesthesia injection into the scalp.
Collection of Grafts in Hair Transplantation
The primary step after local anesthesia in hair transplantation is graft collection. After the saline fluid is given to the donor area determined on the scalp, the grafts are taken. The liquid allows the scalp to swell at the ideal rate and the grafts to be removed from the relevant area. Grafts are extracted from the donor area, which is genetically more resistant to hair loss, with unique cutting tips with an average diameter of 0.5 mm. The grafts taken are kept in glass containers called Petri dishes filled with serum.
Opening Channels in Hair Transplantation
The channels opened for hair transplantation should have the same angle as the hair follicles collected and transplanted. On the other hand, the media and the depths of the hair follicles should be created equally. In the channel opening process, which lasts 3 hours, the channel is opened first on the front hairline and then on the other areas to be planted. For a natural look, it is preferable to open channels in the hairline area with indented and protruding lines. Circular channels are opened with special micro-tipped needles or Choi. Since the tracks are opened at the micro level, efficiency is gained in the recovery speed.
Transplanting Roots in Hair Transplantation
The last operation stage in hair transplantation is the placement of the roots in the canals. The hair follicles taken from the grafts are placed into the channels opened with micro-tips. Each source is processed one by one. For a natural appearance, single grafts are placed in the front and multiple grafts in the back.